Marja Lindholm

I’m a biogeographer at the end of my PhD thesis project working at the Geography Research Unit at the University of Oulu.

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You have to know the past to understand the present

My main research interests are temporal biodiversity patterns in freshwater environments. I’m intrigued by all kinds of freshwater environments and organisms, but in my thesis, I’m focusing on spatial and temporal trends in different facets of macrophyte biodiversity in boreal lakes.

My keywords



Good books, food and wine

Family time

Nature and outdoors


Peer-reviewed scientific publications
(In order of publication)

García-Girón, J., Lindholm, M., Heino, J., Toivonen, H. & Alahuhta, J. (2021). Historical contingency via priority effects counteracts environmental change on metacommunity dynamics across decades. Limnology and Oceanography, early view.

Alahuhta, J., Lindholm, M., Baastrup-Spohr, L., García-Girón, J., Toivanen, M., Heino, J. & Murphy, K. (2020) Macroecology of plants in the freshwater realm: patterns, mechanisms and implications. Aquatic Botany, early view.

Lindholm, M., Alahuhta, J., Heino, J. & Toivonen, H. (2020) Temporal beta diversity of lake plants is determined by concomitant changes in environmental factors across decades. Journal of Ecology, early view.

Benito, X., Vilmi, A., Luethje, M., Carrevedo M-L., Lindholm, M. & Fritz S.C. (2020) Spatial and temporal ecological uniqueness of Andean diatom communities are correlated with climate, geodiversity and long-term limnological change. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8: 260.

Lindholm, M., Alahuhta, J., Heino, J., Hjort, J. & Toivonen, H. (2020) Changes in the functional features of macrophyte communities and driving factors across a 70-year period. Hydrobiologia, 847: 3811–3827.

Lindholm, M., Alahuhta, J., Heino, J., & Toivonen, H. (2020) No biotic homogenisation across decades but consistent effects of landscape position and pH on macrophyte communities in boreal lakes. Ecography, 42: 294–305.

Rocha, M. P., Bini, L. M., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Lindholm, M., Karjalainen, S.-M., … Heino, J. (2019) Correlates of different facets and components of beta diversity in stream organisms. Oecologia, 191: 919–929.

Lindholm, M., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Karjalainen, S. M., Tokola, L. & Heino, J. (2018). Different species trait groups of stream diatoms show divergent responses to spatial and environmental factors in a subarctic drainage basin. Hydrobiologia, 816: 213–230.

Alahuhta, J., Lindholm, M., Bove, C.M., Chappuis, E., Clayton, J., de Winton, M., … Heino, J. (2018) Global patterns in the metacommunity structuring of lake macrophytes: regional variations and driving factors. Oecologia, 188: 1167–1182.

Rocha, M. P., Bini, L. M., Siqueira, T., Hjort, J., Grönroos, M., Lindholm, M., Karjalainen, S. M. & Heino, J. (2018) Predicting occupancy and abundance by niche position, niche breadth and body size in stream organisms. Oecologia, 186: 205–216.